What are the internal temperature rules to cook your food? Great tastes are made not only by recipes but also by the temperature used in cooking. The right temperature used in cooking any food plays a great role in its taste and how long it lasts. As a common rule, all food must be cooked at a minimum temperature of 1670F (750C).
Cooking in its most simple definition is the application of “heat” to all recipes mixed in water or other liquid to get maximum nutritional value. Take a look at the emphasis on the word heat. It is to let you know the role heat plays when cooking; it cannot be neglected.
Going forward, the freezing temperature for food is also vital. Whichever situation you might be needing to heat or freeze your food, applying the right temperature is important in ensuring your food taste well and last long.
Making sure your food taste well and does not spoil or get poisoned can be done when you take note of the following temperature rules I will show you below.
Hint: Have your thermometer nearby for any food you want to cook.
For your eggs, they must be cooked in two different types of temperature to avoid quick spoilage. Eggs and poultry fowl must be cooked in the temperature 1600F (710C) and 1650F (740C) respectively.
2. Obey This Temperature Table
|Cooked meat||165°F (740C)|
|Fresh Pork||145°F (630C)|
|Ground poultry||165°F (740C)|
|Ground Chicken/Casseroles||165°F (740C)|
|Reheated precooked ham||140°F (600C)|
|Egg Sauce||160°F (710C)|
|Shrimps/Crab and Lobster||145°F (630C)|
|Turkey and Chicken||165°F (740C)|
3. Be Consistent With Temperature Storage
Knowingly and unknowingly, it is very possible to sway from the original storage temperature used when storing or cooking food. Make sure your freezing temperature is consistent as an unstable one only makes your food get spoilt easily.
Monitor your food in the freezer or refrigerator from time to time to ensure this. If you placed milk products by the door of the fridge remove them and place them on the main shelf of the fridge. When you forget to place food at its original position in the fridge, you only risk food poisoning. To avoid this, practice temperature consistency and keep a reminder to place your food at its original spot.
4. Pay Attention to Location and Time
One other temperature rule you must follow is to pay attention to the location of your food and the time at which your food is being cooked.
Cooking your food at low heat temperature will make your food stay longer before it gets done. You must know the time and heat temperature required to cook any of your food to prevent time-wasting. Besides, when food boils for an unnecessary amount of time, it loses its taste and quality.
Let’s discuss how the location of your food affects the temperature of your food – excess food just cooked must be allowed to cool before placing in the fridge or freezer. For leftovers, ensure you remember to pour them in containers to be placed in the freezer.
Bacteria only thrive for three main reasons; type of food, the warmth of the food, and time. Therefore, pay very close attention to where you place your food when storing them, and do not refrigerate food that shouldn’t be.
Frequently Asked Questions
1. How do I determine an accurate temperature?
The only way to determine an accurate temperature is to use a thermometer when you cook. You can get a cooking thermometer at any nearby store or you order one from Amazon.
Take note to check if your thermometer is fit to perform what you need it for; do the following process. Pour some water into a bucket or a bowl and fill it up with ice. When this is done wait for some 4 to 7 minutes, insert your thermometer in the middle of the bucket in a way it does not drop inside.
Now check what the temperature reads. It must show 320F (00C) and if it doesn’t it means you can’t use it. Go for the manual’s guide on how you can revive your thermometer through a process called calibration.
2. What cooking temperatures are best for cooking milk?
Milk should be cooked at a moderate temperature. Milk and all other dairy products must be stored in the refrigerator below the temperature of 400F (40C). To maintain any milk, after it has been poured out of its original container do not pour it back into the container.
3. Do high cooking temperature kill coronavirus?
No. Coronavirus can only be prevented with the methods of social distancing, frequent hand washing, hand sanitizing, and the use of a face mask. The virus is not foodborne, therefore cooking your food at a high temperature will not help in any way kill coronavirus.
4. How can I adjust my cooking time and temperature?
Adhering to different food temperature guide given here and implementing it with your food thermometer is the best and only way to adjust your cooking time and temperature.
5. Can spores survive at high cooking temperatures?
No. Spores do not survive at high cooking temperatures. No bacteria spore will survive in a food that is cooked with a heat temperature of 2120F (1000C).
6. How do I use a food thermometer?
This method is similar to how you check your thermometer if it is working or not. To check your food temperature, dip your food thermometer in the thickest part of your food (making sure it does not touch the fat or bone if it is a food with such). When you are sure it is well inserted, check your thermometer to know the food’s temperature.
It is important to check your food temperature while cooking so you can be well advised if you are on the right track according to the temperature table shown above. Whenever you are done with your thermometer, always wash it with hot soapy water.
The ability to cook your food and the ability to check the temperature of your food goes hand in hand. And as a cook, you must possess both at the expertise level. This is why to ace your cooking game, cook with recipes constantly, read your cookbook, and bookmark this page for reference purposes.
Also, take note to update your knowledge continuously as the US Department of Agriculture advised that some food temperatures change from time to time. The temperature danger zone for food fall within the temperature of 41°F (50C) and 135°F (570C). This means it is only at this temperature that bacteria have the freedom to infect your food.
If you enjoyed this article, visit the Cheffist blog to read more interesting posts that will help you to achieve that kitchen goal.